How SSL Certificates Work

SSL certificates are used to initiate secure communications over computer networks, usually referred as HTTPS traffic. Organization Validated (OV) and Extended Validated (EV) Certificates provide both encryption and identification: user can check the name of the organization from a certificate and can be sure that a reliable third party (Certificate Authority – CA) has validated the organization. Domain Validated (DV) certificates give only encryption as the organization has not been validated at all. The actual name and protocol is TLS (Transport Layer Security) but I will use the term SSL (Secure Socket Layer) because it is still better known and more commonly used.

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